The Murchison falls conservation area is the largest and one of the oldest protected areas in Uganda. The area is made up of Murchison falls national park, Bugungu Wildlife Refuge and Karuma Wildlife Refuge. Bugungu Wildlife Refuge (748 square kilometers) and Karuma Wildlife Refuge (720 square kilometers) that are adjacent and act as buffer zones for the park.
On top of the above is Budongo Forest Reserve which covers an area of about 591square kilometers overlaps parts of both wildlife reserves. All the above protected areas make a total of 5,663 sq.km of space that is under some level of protection through controlled use.
Murchison falls national park is under the management of Uganda wildlife authority (UWA), and Budongo forest is managed the national forestry association.
The park has a rich biodiversity with about 68 different mammal species. Some of the animals that live in the park include; impalas, zebra, buffalo, eland, topi, leopards, hyenas, hippos, jackal, warthog among many more. The park is also a home to more than 315 bird species, some of which include; shoebill storks, brown chested wattled plover, African fin foot, tabora cisticola, saddle billed stork, great snipe, papyrus yellow warbler, curruther’s cisticola, Olea species and Boscia, hornbill & white winged warbler, assinian ground among many more.